How to define a carbon ion

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_Geant4 Version:_11.02
_Operating System:_Ubuntu
CMake Version:

—/control/verbose 1

/gps/particle ion
/gps/ion 6 12 2
/gps/energy 60 keV
/gps/pos/type Plane
/gps/pos/shape Circle
/gps/pos/centre 0. 0. -200 mm
/gps/pos/radius 1. um
/gps/number 1
/gps/direction 0 0 1
/run/beamOn 1000000

Above is my code to generate 12C2+ run.mac file, but it doesn’t seem to produce the ions I want successfully, and when I change the charge state of the ions, there seems to be no significant change in my simulation, may I ask how I need to change my code if I want to correctly generate 12C2+ ions? Thank you in advance

Sorry, I do not have a answer but I was wondering if there is any specific reason for assigning 60 keV energy to the ion

Thank you again. In my experiment, I want to hit a gas target with 60keV of energy.

I see, thanks for the information.

Your definition of the ion looks okay. If you find that changing the charge state has no effect, it may be because the specified charge state is in fact being replaced by an effective charge state at the start of tracking. The effective charge state is used to represent (in the aggregate) the accumulated ionization effects as the ion traverses various materials. I am not an expert in this but have observed that the initial effective charge state is the same regardless of what charge state you have defined for the gps. I think this is the default behavior and works okay for most applications, maybe including yours, but if e.g. you want to track ions in vacuum with a magnetic field present, it will obviously give wrong results. If you want to check that gps is working correctly you can temporarily disable the process (/process/inactivate ionIoni) and the initial gps charge state will be preserved.
Maybe someone from the EM group will elaborate or comment on this.