I have a rather simple question about non-ionizing energy we can get in each step.
I have a large calorimeter and I shot a beam of pi- into it. In each step, if the “G4Track *theTrack = theStep->GetTrack(); theTrack->GetDefinition()->GetPDGEncoding()==2212”, i.e. protons, I will store the total energy and the non-ionizing energy (“theStep->GetNonIonizingEnergyDeposit()”). But I find most of them are 0.
We know when a proton hits a nucleus, some of its lost energy goes to binding energy, which is non-ionizing energy. But I didn’t see much non-ionizing energy for protons. So how should I understand the non-ionizing energy in GEANT? Is binding energy included?
Any comments would be helpful, Thanks!